A Paixon de María Soliña is a feature film with a historical setting which describes the beginning, organisational structure and the functions of the Tribunal of the Spanish Inquisition through the legal procedure against María Soliña in Galicia at the beginning of the XVII century. It tells the chronicles of the acts emphasising on the historical and social motives which were behind the accusations witchcraft in those days.
María Soliña is one of the legendary characters of the Galician culture who best defines the battle against the adversity and the repression of the authorities.
Her story summarises perfectly the persecution which many women were under , not only in Galicia but also throughout the rest of Europe, accused of witchcraft and judged by the tribunal of the inquisition. María Soliña became an icon of the Galician culture, her story was transmitted through word and during all these years has been reproduced by many artists and historians converting her into the new Joan of Ark.
The Tribunal of the Spanish Inquisition is produced by the Catholic monarchs in the XV century. It’s progressive use within the different kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula is a response to various political and religious strategies but mainly with the intention of removing all ideas and beliefs which do not correspond to the catholic dogma such as Judaism, Protestantism and pagan practices ( mostly spread across the north of the peninsula)
The trials for witchcraft were very frequent until well into the XVII century.
A few years before María Soliña’s trial, the events occurred due to the procedure of Logroño against the witch cult of Zugurramurdi in the Navarese pyranees will completely change the inquisitorial legalisation. The Inquisitor Judge Alonso de Salazar y Frias puts together an extensive study based on research and evidence to then write several memoirs which demonstrate that the esotericism and superstition were very present in the witchcraft sentences and in the mentality of many inquisitors, the clergy and judges. From his work, now considered as a humanistic reference, the convictions of being burnt on the stake practically disappear from the inquisitional tribunals.
The film emphasises through fiction of that time, on all these events , from the story of María Soliña to the establishment of the tribunal of Santiago de Compostela , the story of the Spanish Inquisition from it’s foundations, the procedure of Logroño and the investigation of the Inquisitor Alonso de Salazar y Frias.